Vacuum cleaners are essential tools for keeping our homes clean and tidy. However, it can be frustrating when your vacuum cleaner starts spitting out dirt instead of effectively suctioning it up. If you’re experiencing this problem, you’re not alone.

There are several reasons why a vacuum cleaner might spit out dirt, ranging from simple issues like clogged filters to more complex problems with the motor or brush roller. In this article, we’ll dive deep into the possible causes and provide you with troubleshooting tips and solutions to resolve the issue.

Why Is My Vacuum Cleaner Spitting Out Dirt?

A vacuum cleaner spitting out dirt is indicative of a malfunction in its cleaning process. Let’s explore some potential reasons behind this issue and how to address them effectively.

1. Clogged Filters: A Common Culprit

When the filters in your vacuum cleaner become clogged, it can hinder the airflow and cause dirt and debris to be expelled instead of being collected. Regularly cleaning or replacing the filters can prevent this problem. Refer to your vacuum cleaner’s user manual to locate the filters and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper maintenance.

2. Blockages in the Hose or Nozzle

Obstructions in the hose or nozzle can impede the suction power of your vacuum cleaner, leading to dirt spitting out instead of being sucked in. Inspect the hose and nozzle for any debris or blockages. Use a long, flexible brush or a straightened coat hanger to carefully remove any obstructions. Ensure you do this gently to avoid damaging the vacuum cleaner’s components.

3. Full or Damaged Dust Bag/Canister

A full or damaged dust bag or canister can cause dirt to escape from the vacuum cleaner. Check the bag or canister and empty it if necessary. If you have a bagless vacuum cleaner, ensure that the canister is properly attached and not damaged. Replace the bag or repair the canister as needed.

4. Worn or Dirty Brush Roller

The brush roller in your vacuum cleaner plays a crucial role in agitating the carpet fibers and picking up dirt. If it’s worn out or covered in excessive debris, it may not function properly, leading to dirt being left behind or expelled. Regularly clean the brush roller and replace it if necessary according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.

5. Defective Belt

A worn or broken belt can affect the brush roller’s rotation, leading to inadequate cleaning and dirt expulsion. Check the belt for signs of wear or damage. If needed, replace the belt following the instructions provided by the manufacturer.

6. Motor Issues

In some cases, the problem lies with the vacuum cleaner’s motor. If the motor is not functioning correctly, it may not generate enough suction power, resulting in dirt spitting out. Contact a professional technician or the manufacturer’s customer support for further assistance and potential repairs.


When your vacuum cleaner starts spitting out dirt instead of effectively cleaning your floors, it’s important to identify and resolve the underlying causes promptly.

By following the troubleshooting tips and solutions provided in this guide, you’ll be able to tackle common issues such as clogged filters, blockages, worn brush rollers, and defective belts. Regular maintenance, proper cleaning, and timely replacements are key to keeping your vacuum cleaner in top working condition and ensuring a clean and healthy home environment.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can using the wrong type of vacuum cleaner bag cause dirt to spit out?

Yes, using the wrong type of bag or an improperly installed bag can result in dirt being expelled. Always ensure you’re using the correct bag specified by the manufacturer and that it is properly installed

Why does my vacuum cleaner spit out dirt immediately after I start using it?

This issue may occur due to a clogged filter or a blockage in the hose or nozzle. Start by checking and cleaning the filters. If the problem persists, inspect the hose and nozzle for any obstructions and remove them carefully.

Why is my vacuum cleaner spitting out dirt instead of collecting it?

When a vacuum cleaner spits out dirt instead of collecting it, it can be due to a few possible reasons. One common reason is a clogged or full dust bag or canister. When the bag or canister is filled to its capacity, it can cause dirt and debris to be expelled back into the air instead of being collected. Another possible reason is a clogged or obstructed hose or air pathway. If there is a blockage in the vacuum cleaner’s suction path, it can result in dirt being forced back out. Lastly, a worn-out or damaged filter can also cause dirt to be released back into the environment. If the filter is not effectively trapping the dirt, it can be blown out of the vacuum cleaner.

How can I fix my vacuum cleaner that keeps spitting out dirt?

To address a vacuum cleaner that continuously spits out dirt, there are several steps you can take. Firstly, check and empty or replace the dust bag or canister if it is full. This simple step can often resolve the issue. Next, inspect the hose and other air pathways for any clogs or obstructions. Clear any blockages by gently inserting a broomstick or long object to dislodge the debris. Additionally, examine the filter and clean or replace it if it is damaged or worn out. Filters play a vital role in trapping dirt, so a faulty filter can lead to dirt expulsion. If these steps do not solve the problem, it might be best to consult the user manual or contact the manufacturer for further troubleshooting or professional servicing.

Can a faulty vacuum cleaner belt cause it to spit out dirt?

Yes, a faulty vacuum cleaner belt can contribute to the issue of dirt being spitted out instead of being collected. The belt is responsible for turning the brush or beater bar in the vacuum cleaner, which agitates the carpet or floor and loosens dirt for suction. If the belt is worn out, stretched, or broken, it can lead to a lack of proper brush rotation and reduced suction power. As a result, dirt may not be effectively picked up and can be pushed back out of the vacuum cleaner. In such cases, inspect the belt for any signs of damage or wear and replace it if necessary, following the instructions provided by the manufacturer.

Alexander Jackson
I am Alexander Jackson. I have been reviewing Vacuum for the past 4 years. Living in California, I have a wide variety of vacuums to choose from and review. I enjoy sharing my thoughts on different types of vacuums with others who are looking for information before making a purchase.